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Jodhpur  is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan and officially the second metropolitan city of the state. It was formerly the seat of a princely state of the same name. Jodhpur has historically been the capital of the kingdom known as Marwar, which is now part of Rajasthan. Jodhpur is a popular touristdestination, featuring many palaces, forts and temples, set in the stark landscape of the Thar Desert. It is popularly known as Blue city and Sun city among people of Rajasthan and all over India.

The old city circles the fort and is bounded by a wall with several gates. However, the city has expanded greatly outside the wall over the past several decades.

Jodhpur lies near the geographic centre of the Rajasthan state, which makes it a convenient base for travel in a region much frequented by tourists.

According to the Hindu epic Mahabharat (composed up to the 4th century AD), Ahirs were the inhabitants of Marwar and later on the Rathore clan established the Marwar Kingdom. There may have been small settlements before Rathore rule.

The Jodhpur city was founded in 1459 by Rao Jodha, a Rajput chief of the Rathore clan. Jodha succeeded in conquering the surrounding territory and thus founded a kingdom which came to be known as Marwar. As Jodha hailed from the nearby town of Mandore, that town initially served as the capital of this state; however, Jodhpur soon took over that role, even during the lifetime of Jodha. The city was located on the strategic road linking Delhi to Gujarat. This enabled it to profit from a flourishing trade in opium, copper, silk, sandalwood, dates and other tradeable goods.

After the death of Rao Chandrasen Rathore in 1581, the kingdom was annexed by the Mughal Emperor Akbar, Marwar thus became a Mughal vassal owing fealty to them while enjoying internal autonomy. The mother of Emperor Shah Jahan (builder of Taj Mahal) was a Princess of Jodhpur. During this period, the state furnished the Mughals with several notable generals such as MaharajaJaswant Singh. Jodhpur and its people benefited from this exposure to the wider world as new styles of art and architecture made their appearance and opportunities opened up for local tradesmen to make their mark across northern India.

View of the Rajasthan High Court, Sardar Museum in Umaid Park and upper right is Jodhpur fort in 1960.

Aurangzeb briefly sequestrated the state (c.1679) after the death of MaharajaJaswant Singh, but the prior ruler Maharaja Ajit Singh was restored to the throne by Veer Durgadas Rathore after Aurangzeb died in 1707 and a great struggle of 30 years. The Mughal empire declined gradually after 1707, but the Jodhpur court was beset by intrigue; rather than benefiting from circumstances, Marwar descended into strife and invited the intervention of the Marathas, who soon supplanted the Mughals as overlords of the region. This did not make for stability or peace, however- 50 years of wars and treaties dissipated the wealth of the state, which sought the help of the British and entered into a subsidiary alliance with them in 1818 and were British allies against rest of India in the Revoltof 1857.

Places of recreation

Some of the recreation places worth mentioning are:

  • Mandore Gardens Jodhpur cenotaph Mandore gardens Rajasthan India
  • Kaylana Lake
  • Shastri Circle
  • Masuria Hill Garden
  • Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park
  • Science Park
  • Ummed Garden
  • Chokelav Baag
  • Machiya Safari Park

Places to Visit Near:

  • Mehrangarh Fort.
  • Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park.
  • Umaid Bhawan Palace Museum.
  • Pukhraj Durry Udhyog.
  • Clock Tower.
  • Sachiya Mata Temple.
  • Balsamand Lake and Garden.
  • Jain Mahavira Temple.